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VIETNAM TRIBES


Kinh San Chay Thai Pa Then
Vietnam is a multi-ethnic country with over fifty distinct groups (54 are recognized by the Vietnamese government), each with its own language, lifestyle, and cultural heritage. Many of the local ethnic groups are known collectively in the West as Montagnard or Degar. The largest ethnic groups are: Kinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Tai Ethnic 1.7%, Mường 1.5%, Khmer Krom (Khơ Me Crộm) 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nùng 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999 census). The Vietnamese term for ethnic group is người thiểu số or dân tộc thiểu số (literally "minority people").







Ba Na (Bahnar)

Ba Na (Bahnar)

The Bahnar (also spelled Ba Na) are an ethnic group of Vietnam living primarily in the Central Highland provinces of Gia Laiand Kon Tum, as well as the coastal provinces of Bình Định and Phú Yên. They speak a language in the Mon–Khmerlanguage family.



Bố Y (Buyei)

Bố Y (Buyei)

The Buyei (also spelled Puyi, Bouyei and Buyi; self called: Buxqyaix , or "Puzhong", "Burao", "Puman";Pinyin: Bùyīzú; Vietnamese: người Bố Y) are an ethnic group living in southern mainland China. Numbering 2.5 million, they are the 11th largest of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. Some Buyei also live inVietnam, where they are one of that nation's 54 officially recognized ethnic groups. Despite the Chinese considering them a separate group, they consider themselves Zhuang (Tai peoples).
The Buyei live in semi-tropical, high-altitude forests of Guizhou province, as well as in Yunnan and Sichuan provinces, and speak a Tai language.



Brau

Brau

The Brau people (Vietnamese: Người Brâu) are an ethnic group living in Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. In Vietnam, most Brau live in Kon Tum, and the population was 313 in 1999. They speak a Mon–Khmer language.
The Brau have only two surnames: Thao (for male) and Nang (for female). They have some strange customs such as uốt bưng (filing teeth), tavattơpit (strain ears), and chingkrackang (tattoo on forehead). They tell about the Great Flood in their "Un cha đắc lếp" story, and about the Beings named Pa Xây. They play táp đinh bố.



Bru Van Kieu

Bru Van Kieu

The Bru (also Brao, Bruu, Brou, or Bru-Vân Kiều; Vietnamese: Người Bru - Vân Kiều) are an ethnic group living in Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand. They speak Bru, a Mon–Khmer language, which has several dialects. Their total population is estimated at 129,559 by Ethnologue.
In Laos, most Bru live in eastern Savannakhe Province, in the Sepone District, in the Isan region.
In Thailand, most Bru live in Sakon Nakhon Province, in the Isan region of northeast Thailand.
In Vietnam, most Bru live in the Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Dak Lak, and Thua Thien-Hue provinces.



Cham

Cham

The Cham people (Vietnamese: người Chăm or người Chàm, Cham:) are an ethnic group in Southeast Asia. They are concentrated between the Kampong Cham Province in Cambodia and central Vietnam's Phan Rang-Thap Cham, Phan Thiết, Ho Chi Minh City and An Giang areas. Approximately 4,000 Chams also live in Thailand; many of whom have moved south to the Pattani, Narathiwat, Yala, and Songkhla Provinces for work. Cham form the core of the Muslim communities in both Cambodia and Vietnam.
Cham are remnants of the Kingdom of Champa (7th to 15th centuries). They are closely related to other Austronesian peoples and speak Cham, a Malayo-Polynesian language of the Austronesian language family (Aceh–Chamic subgroup). This is in contrast to the neighboring Vietnamese people who speak the Vietnamese language, which is an Austroasiatic language.



Cho Ro

Cho Ro

The Cho Ro (or Chau Ro, Do Ro; Vietnamese: người Chơ Ro) are a Mon–Khmer people in Vietnam. Most Cho Ro live in the Đồng Nai, Bình Dương, Bình Phước, Bình Thuận, Lâm Đồng, and Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu provinces. The population was 22 567 in 1999.
Their New Year Festival (Cho Ro language: Yang Pa) has the purpose of worshipping their Rice God.




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